This component seeks to create better employment and social opportunities for vulnerable groups in 10 communities, including the Transnistrian region, through social enterprises, which will be run by CSOs. EEF will build the capacities of its partners at the local level in the area of social entrepreneurship. Subsequently, trained CSOs will benefit from financial support in order to set up at least 5 viable social enterprises. This project will empower the vulnerable groups to claim their rights and will help them gain the necessary skills to find a job.
This component builds upon EEF’s experience in the area of setting up local economic partnerships. That endeavor showed that businesses, local authorities and CSOs can work together in view of addressing the situation of vulnerable groups, provided that an enabling environment is in place.
Social entrepreneurship in EU countries started to develop in the 70’s, while in Moldova this concept is relatively new. Major efforts in this field are done by International Development Partnership (IDP) Moldova and “Contact” Center. So far the results achieved at national level are modest.
Based on existing experience it is important to mention that SE has a positive cross-sectorial impact through creating job opportunities at local level and decreasing the number of immigrant workers; developing local economic environment; and increasing social responsibility of the population from the communities where a social enterprise is established.
This component will consist of a a baseline study, advocacy and social mobilization campaigns, capacity building activities for state authorities, CSOs and social entrepreneurs, support for social start-ups in targeted communities focusing on addressing the needs of disadvantaged groups and capacity building activities for vulnerable groups in the area of human rights and employment.
EEF will select relevant grass-roots CSOs that will be involved in social entrepreneurship. Particular attention will be paid to groups that include disadvantaged women in rural areas, unemployed youth, persons with disabilities, Roma, people released from places of detention.
EEF will commission a base-line study that will reveal adequate supporting mechanism for social entrepreneurship in Moldova. This will help identify good practices within the country and evaluate the most sustainable Social entrepreneurship models that could be implemented in local communities.
A series of training programs, designed to build capacities of CSOs in the area of social entrepreneurship will be undertaken. Specific topics include the legal framework governing social entrepreneurship; marketing and niche selection; strategic planning; business plans development; ensuring reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities; transparency and accounting, rights of entrepreneurs in relation to law enforcement bodies. EEF will award up to 10 support grants in this field.
Raising awareness activities among duty bearers - local public authorities and local businesses will be carried out. The campaigns will be about benefits of social entrepreneurship, responsibilities of local authorities under socio-economic rights, importance of creating and sustaining an enabling environment for social enterprises. In addition, vocational trainings will be conducted for vulnerable groups to support their integration in the job market.
This program will be implemented during 2012-2016.